Pandemic Demonstrates Multi-class Connected Risk Causality

Airport is being cleaned to prevent spread of COVID.


How the COVID-19 pandemic has created a "connected risk" in global trade as shown by the aviation and travel industries

The purpose of this report is to show how the COVID-19 pandemic has created the perfect connected risk in global trade as referenced by the Airline and Travel Industries, and what knock-on effect this has had on the underlying manufacturing, entertainment and supporting industries. 

We also show the forecasts for all these segments before and during the pandemic, and outline what the future looks like.


For Your Information

We have recently set up a new account system as part of our new website launch and we have received some questions about the account, so we wanted to take the time to answer your questions.

The new free account log-in system on the website is designed to allow you to access all of Russell Group's white papers, infographics and collateral with ease and little hassle. It allows you to bookmark articles and it view more dedicated content (e.g. aviation articles, marine articles) on the Russell Thinking page.

The details that you give us will not be given to any third-party groups and you can opt out of all Russell emails and still enjoy using the new site and downloading Russell collateral.

To download a full copy of the report, please log in or create a free account, using the link below:


Related Case Studies


Credit and surety

The Russell Group Ranking of Countries

Read more

Credit and surety

Geopolitical threats to Global Trade in a Connected World

Read more